Annotations

Map Location
F, G, 2
Thread Location
Page 49
Scape

Author
Nancy Lara-Grimaldi

Agreement Description

Annotations are a mechanism whereby users can document their contexts (relationships and agreements). This is an important function that began back in the dark ages with glossing text and continues to this day with lists and tagging.

An annotation is a summary of the contents of a particular book, article, or other document and is traditionally created by the author or publisher of the work. Library catalog records include concise summaries, or abstracts, of library holdings and system resources, which aid in locating appropriate resources. These metadata describe the contents of a particular item, whereas annotations may cover a wide range of notations. Annotations allow users to put documents into context relevant to their topic or subject area. Annotations may include personal observations, reactions, insights, interpretations, or any other type of notation for that matter. Similarly, wikis and blogs provide a means for users to add individual annotations to documents created by others.

If libraries developed a client-side tool for members to create and share annotations, whose responsibility would it be to monitor it? Will this information be stored on library servers, and what policies must be developed for access and privacy? In her article, “Unlocking the Museum: A Manifesto,” Corinne Jorgenson proposes a new concept in the creation and distribution of annotated contents to allow “information consumers to become information producers.” She notes that a “revolutionary reconceptualization of practice which provides flexibility in the concept of the locus of authority in the description of documents could not only offer hope for tangible solutions to these problems of descriptions, but could facilitate the creation of new knowledge.…”

Conversation Starters

  1. How can the use of annotation facilitate knowledge creation?
  2. Would users find value in creating, sharing, and reading annotations with friends, individuals, or groups of people?
  3. What are the implications for libraries in providing this service to their members?
  4. How can degrees of annotations at L0 and L1 benefit different users?
  5. How do you organize the many different levels of annotation into a single, searchable format?

Related Artifacts

Robert, C. A. (2009). Annotation for knowledge sharing in a collaborative environment. Journal of Knowledge Management, 13(1).

Han, L., & Yan, H. (2009). A fuzzy biclustering algorithm for social annotations. Journal of Information Science, 35(4), 426–438. doi:10.1177/0165551508101862

Jörgensen, C. (2004). Unlocking the museum: A manifesto. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 55(5), 462–464. Retrieved September 27, 2009, from Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts database.

Pomerantz, J., & Marchionini, G. (2007). The digital library as place. Journal of Documentation, 63(4).

Quint, B. (2009). The foresight of searchers, or how I love being right. Information Today, 26(5), 7–8. Retrieved September 27, 2009, from Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts database.

Verhaart, M., & Kinshuk. (2006). A dynamic personal portfolio using web technologies. In Encyclopedia of human computer interaction (pp. 170-174). Hershey, PA: Idea Group Inc.

Wu, P., Heok, A., & Tamsir, I. (2007). Annotating web archives—structure, provenance, and context through archival cataloguing. New Review of Hypermedia & Multimedia, 13(1), 55–75. doi:10.1080/13614560701423620

Yang, S. (2008). An ontological website models-supported search agent for web services. Expert Systems with Applications, 35(4), 2056–2073. doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2007.09.024